Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation

Signs of bed bugs can be hard to detect at first, and even more complicated to treat once you do find them. They are nasty insects and having them in your home makes everyone uncomfortable. Having helpful bed bug prevention tips like knowing the signs of bed bugs can stop an infestation from occurring. Another reason it may be difficult to know whether or not you have bed bugs is that their bites can easily be confused with those of other biting insects like mosquitoes and fleas.

Bed bugs are small insects about the size of an apple seed. They have brownish flat and oval shaped bodies. They survive by feeding on the blood of animals or humans. After feeding, their bodies can turn to a reddish color and swell. Despite not being able to fly, they can move quickly over floors, walls, ceilings and can spread from furniture to the rest of the house.  

Immature bed bugs called nymphs, shed their skins at least five times as they reach maturity and they eat a meal of blood before each shedding. Bed bugs can fully develop in as little as a month. Female bed bugs are known to lay hundreds of eggs, producing three or more generations per year. The size of an egg is about a speck of dust. Luckily, they do not transmit diseases.


The Bed

The first sign of bed bugs is very evident as it’s usually in the bed. After bed bugs feed on humans, they leave behind blood stains much like small rust spots. Typically these spots can be found around the corners and edges of the bed. Nymphs shed oval brown exoskeletons, so watch for them as well.


Inspect The Room

After searching the bed, inspect the rest of the room. Check upholstered furniture like chairs, sofas, curtains and even the edges of the carpet. Look behind dressers and desks. Constantly watch out for their trademark reddish-brown spots.


Check The Closet

Bed bugs are attracted to clothing, which why they travel so quickly and scatter so stealthily. Check closets and meticulously go through each clothing item. Bag any article of clothing containing bed bugs and properly heat them on a household dryer set at high heat for 30 minutes, killing the bed bugs and their eggs. Other items like bedding can also be heat dried.


Bed Bugs’ Trojan Horses

Often, bed bugs enter your home undiscovered by hiding through luggage, clothing, and among other items. They use their flattened bodies to fit into tiny spaces. Bed bugs do not nest like ants or bees, but instead live in groups in the same hiding places. They start out hiding in places like mattresses, bed frames, box springs, and headboards where they bite people during the night. With time, however, they may leave the bedroom and move into any crevice or spread to nearby rooms or apartments.

Because bed bugs live solely on blood, having them in your home is not a sign of dirtiness. You are as likely to find them in immaculate homes and hotel rooms as in filthy ones.


Musty Odor

Bed bugs leave behind a strong musty odor that is released by their pheromones. The smell is only detectable in large numbers, so if your bedroom starts smelling like a men’s locker room and there is no logical source for the smell, you might want to check your room for bed bugs.


Bed Bug Bites

At night, they bite people while they are sleeping. They pierce the skin and drink blood through an elongated beak. Bed bugs take 3 to 10 minutes to feed. Most bedbug bites are painless but later become itchy welts. Scratching their bites can lead to bleeding and infection. Bed bug bites can be found anywhere the skin is exposed while sleeping. Look out for clusters of flat red welts or in zigzag lines on your arms, legs and even the back. People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation often blame the itching and welts to mosquitoes and fleas.


Green Country Pest Control

A home with a bed bug infestation is not a home. You may bag all your clothes and bedding but because bed bugs are difficult to find, you may not get them all. Trained technicians can thoroughly go through every possible breeding and nesting site of the house and find all their hiding places. To get the best bed bug treatment, get Green Country Pest Control to handle the bed bugs so that your family can feel secure at night again and welcome visitors without worrying about spreading bed bugs into their homes. We can also do termite inspection, another common pest emerging in the spring.

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